This section specifically focuses on published research and provides you with a framework for reading, analyzing, and evaluating research articles. There is a standard format used for reporting research in most professional, peer-reviewed journals. This format provides signs that will guide you once you understand what the signs mean. In this context, the signs are the named sections within the standard format. As you will read below, each section has a clear purpose for the researcher. They also help guide the reader to the parts of specific interest.

While you may find some occasional variations, research articles are typically organized into six sections:

1. Abstract.


2. Background or Introduction.


3. Methods or Methodology.


4. Results.


5. Discussion.


6. References.


7. Beware of a Conflict of Interest.